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WORLD BIOMES

S.S.B1.2.1 The student uses maps, globes, charts, graphs, and other geographic tools including map keys and symbols to gather and interpret data to draw conclusions about physical patterns.
S.S.B.2.2.2 student understands how physical environment supports and constraints human activities.
SC.G.1.student understands the competitive, interdependent, cyclic nature of living things in the environment.
SC.G.2. student understands the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth.
SC.E.1.2.1. knows that the tilt of the earth on its own axis as it rotates and revolves around the sun causes changes in season, length of day, and energy available.
3. Technology Productive Tools: Student uses productivity tools to collaborate in constructing technology-enhanced models, prepare publications, and produce other creative works.
LA.A. 2.2.1 reads text and determines main idea or essential message, identifies relevant supporting details and facts.

What is a biome?

A biome is a large area with similar plants, animals, and microorganisms.  The tropical rainforests is an example of a world biome; they are located around the Equator. In the artic regions there are other kind of biomes like tundra and the coniferous forests. Each of these biomes contain communities of plants and animals that are adapted to the different conditions of water, heat, and soil.  For instance, polar bears thrive in the arctic while cactus plants have a thick skin to help preserve water in the hot desert. 

What is an ecosystem?
 

An ecosystem is much smaller than a biome. You can think of a biome as many similar ecosystems grouped together. An ecosystem can be as large as the Amazon rainforest, or the Sahara Desert. Or, it can be as small as a puddle or your own house garden here in Florida. 
 

Ecosystems are lively interactions between plants, animals, and microorganisms in their environment working together as a system or functional unit.  Ecosystems will collapse if they loose their balance.  For instance, a community cannot sustain or accommodate its community of animals if its food supply, water, or shelter is not adequate. Food and land are often balanced by natural phenomena such as fire, weather, disease, and the number of predators.  Each organism has its own niche, or role, to play. 
 



Classification of Communities

http://lsb.syr.edu/projects/cyberzoo/global1.html

There are two basic categories of communities: terrestrial (land) and aquatic (water). These two basic types of community contain eight smaller units known as biome. A biome is a large-scale category containing many communities of a similar nature, whose distribution is largely controlled by climate.

  • Terrestrial Biomes: tundra, grassland, desert, taiga, temperate forest, tropical forest.
  • Aquatic Biomes: marine, freshwater.

Activities

Choose one of the world biomes and make a report. Use the suggested links. Your must include:

  • World map

  • Description

  • Climate

  • Animals

  • Importance to our planet

  • Endangered animal or plant life


Tropical Rainforest

http://www.bsrsi.msu.edu/rfrc/facts.html

Activities

  • What are the characteristics of a tropical rainforest?

  • Where in the world are the rainforests?

  • Color in your world map all the rainforests.


Temperate rainforest

http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2001Outwest/PacificNaturalHistory/Projects/LachowskyR/Default.htm

http://www.americanparknetwork.com/parkinfo/ol/flora/combo.html

Climatic conditions required to create a temperate rain forest are
1. mild coastal climate
2. heavy summer fog
3. very generous rainfall

More about coastal temperate rainforests

Activities
  • What are the characteristics of a temperate rainforest?

  • Where in the world are the temperate rainforests?

  • Color in your world map all temperate rainforests.


Grasslands

http://www.radford.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/tempgrass/tempgras.html

         

Activities

  • What are the characteristics of  grasslands?
  • Where in the world are the grasslands?
  • Color in your world map all the grasslands.

Taiga

http://www.radford.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/taiga/taiga.html

Activities
  • What are the characteristics of the taiga?

  • Where in the world are the taigas?

  • Color in your world map all the taigas.


Dessert

http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/desert.htm

Activities
  • What are the characteristics of a desert?

  • Where in the world are the deserts?

  • Color in your world map all the deserts.


Tundra

http://www.radford.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/tundra/tundra.html

Activities
  • What are the characteristics of the tundra?

  • Where in the world are tundra?

  • Color in your world map all the tundra.